Automation to Kill More Jobs for Women than for Men
A study carried out by the Institute for Spatial Economic Analysis (ISEA) predicts that twice as many women than men are expected to lose their jobs due to automation.
Innovation in technology has led to the automation of various job functions. Computer programs and robots are beginning to replace many jobs that were previously being performed by human workers.
The job of cashier at retail stores is one example of a function that is being killed by computerized systems. The study says that 97% of cashiers are expected to be laid off with the continuing rise of automation. The report says that women dominate this profession, with 73% of store cashiers being female.
The report also suggests that Americans who do not have a high-school diploma are about six times more at risk of losing their jobs than those who hold a doctorate. According to the ISEA, most of the jobs at risk of being lost are less complex, do not require higher levels of education, and are easier to perform and automate.
It is also estimated in the report that Hispanics are 25% more likely than white workers to lose their jobs because of automation. Likewise, African-Americans are 13% more likely than white workers to get laid off due to robots taking control of certain jobs. Asian workers, however, may be better off, as they are 11% less likely than white workers to lose their livelihoods.
The report was carried out using research from Oxford and 2016 employment data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
The report also explains that technology may create new jobs to replace the ones that are lost. However, there is no guarantee that vulnerable groups, such as women, will be able to secure well-paying jobs.
Professor Johannes Moenius, the founding director of ISEA, advises that Americans should consider the effects of technology on their future jobs before joining a field of study or embarking on a certain career path.
“Women are twice as likely than men to lose their jobs to robots,” Business Insider, June 26, 2017.